Increased body mass index is associated with operative difficulty during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.

This study aimed to identify factors associated with surgeon perception of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) difficulty.

This study surveyed surgeons performing RARP between 2017 and 2018 and asked them to rate operative conditions and difficulty as optimal, good, acceptable, or poor. These answers were stratified as optimal or suboptimal for this study. Associations between surgeon responses and variables hypothesized to affect surgical difficulty, including anatomic factors such as pelvic diameter and prostate volume:pelvic diameter ratio, were assessed.

Between November 2017 and September 2018, a total of 100 patients were prospectively enrolled in the study of which 58 cases were rated as optimal and 42 were rated as suboptimal. Of the evaluated variables, only increasing clinical T stage (odds ratio [OR] 1.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03-2.15, p = 0.03) and increasing body mass index (BMI) (OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.03-1.26, p = 0.01) were associated with increased difficulty; 90-day complication rates were similar between the optimal and suboptimal cohorts (17.3% vs. 23.8%, respectively; p = 0.5). The number of patients with previous surgery, pelvic diameter, and prostate size:pelvic diameter ratio were not significantly different between cohorts (p > 0.05 for all). Operative time (ρ = 0.23, p = 0.02) and estimated blood loss (EBL) (ρ = 0.38, p = 0.0001) were correlated with suboptimal difficulty.

The factors associated with surgeon-reported RARP difficulty were patient BMI and clinical T stage among surgeons with significant RARP experience. These data should be incorporated into surgical decision making and patient counseling prior to performing a RARP.

BJUI compass. 2021 Sep 27*** epublish ***

Daniel D Shapiro, John W Davis, Wendell H Williams, Brian F Chapin, John F Ward, Curtis A Pettaway, Justin R Gregg

Department of Urology The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Houston Texas USA., Department of Anesthesiology The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Houston Texas USA.

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