Prospective intra-individual blinded comparison of [18F]PSMA-1007 and [68 Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT imaging in patients with confirmed prostate cancer.

[18F]PSMA-1007 has potential advantages over [68 Ga]Ga-PSMA-11, although limited prospective data evaluating diagnostic performance exist. The aims of this study are to describe the concordance of [18FPSMA-1007 and [68 Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 for TNM with the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) prognostic stage and assess differences in tracer uptake.

Fifty men (mean age 71.8) were imaged with [68 Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 and [18F]PSMA-1007 < 4 weeks apart. Images were independently reported according to TNM by two experienced nuclear medicine specialists blinded to the other scan and prior imaging. Discordant results were resolved by a third independent nuclear medicine specialist. Quantitative analysis of lesion uptake and physiologic tissue for each tracer was performed by one experienced reader.

Scan indications were initial staging (n = 12), biochemical recurrence (n = 27) and metastatic disease evaluation (n = 11). Most patients had ISUP grade group 3 or higher. Median PSA value was 2.7 ng/ml (IQR 0.7-12.0), and a minority of patients (28%) were currently treated with androgen deprivation therapy. [18F]PSMA-1007 uptake was significantly higher than [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 in local recurrence, nodal and distant metastases and most physiologic sites (including bone) except for urinary bladder which was significantly lower. [18F]PSMA-1007 upstaged local prostate staging in 5/17 patients, local recurrence in 3/33 patients, regional nodal disease in 3/50 patients and 1 distant metastasis (bladder). [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 upstaged regional nodal disease in 1/50 patients and distant metastasis in one patient (right adrenal). Overall AJCC prognostic stage was concordant in 46/50 (92%) patients, with two patients upstaged for both [18F]PSMA-1007 and [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11. [18F]PSMA-1007 had more equivocal results (one regional node; six equivocal bone lesions, one of which was subsequently confirmed metastatic) than [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 (one equivocal local recurrence).

Overall AJCC prognostic stage was similar (92%) between [18F]PSMA-1007 and [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11. [18F]PSMA-1007 demonstrates higher uptake within involved nodes and distant metastases and most physiologic sites except urinary bladder which aided [18F]PSMA-1007 local staging of the prostate primary/local recurrence and regional nodal disease adjacent ureters. However, [18F]PSMA-1007 liver uptake obscured a solitary right adrenal metastasis, and more equivocal bone lesions were identified. Trial registration The study was registered with Australia New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12618000665235) on 24 April 2018.

European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging. 2021 Aug 12 [Epub ahead of print]

David A Pattison, Maciej Debowski, Brook Gulhane, Evyn G Arnfield, Anita M Pelecanos, Peter L Garcia, Melissa J Latter, Charles Y Lin, Matthew J Roberts, Stuart C Ramsay, Paul A Thomas

Department of Nuclear Medicine & Specialised PET Services, Royal Brisbane & Women's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, 2006, Australia. ., Department of Medical Imaging, Royal Brisbane & Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia., Department of Nuclear Medicine & Specialised PET Services, Royal Brisbane & Women's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, 2006, Australia., Statistics Unit, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia., School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia., Department of Urology, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.

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