The prostate biopsy collaborative group risk calculator (PBCGRC) is a newly developed risk estimator for predicting prostate biopsy outcomes. However, its clinical usefulness is still unknown within the so-called gray area of PSA values. This study aimed to determine whether updating the PBCGRC improves its predictive performance for predicting any-grade and high-grade (HG), defined as biopsy Gleason score ≥ 7, prostate cancer (PCa) in patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) less than 10 ng/ml.
The risk of any-grade and HGPCa was calculated using the PBCG risk calculation formulas updated by recalibration in the large, logistic recalibration and model revision. Predictive performances of the PBCGRC and the updated models were compared using discrimination, calibration, and clinical utility.
Within the study sample of 526 patients, PCa was detected in 193 (36.7%), and 78 (14.8%) of them had HGPCa. According to the calibration curves, the PBCGRC overestimated the risk of PCa. Predictive accuracy of the revised model was higher [the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUCs), 65.4% and 70.2%] than that of the PBCGRC (AUCs, 60.4% and 64.3%) for any-grade and HGPCa. The net benefit was greater for model revision in comparison with the original model.
The performance accuracy of PBCGRC for the prediction of any and HGPC in men undergoing prostate biopsy with PSA levels below 10 ng/ml is suboptimal. The model revision resulted with significant improvement in model performance. However, external validation of the revised model is necessary before its routine use in clinical practice.
International urology and nephrology. 2020 May 28 [Epub ahead of print]
Miroslav Stojadinovic, Teodora Trifunovic, Slobodan Jankovic
Department of Urology, Clinic of Urology and Nephrology, Clinical Centre "Kragujevac", Zmaj Jovina 30, 34 000, Kragujevac, Serbia. ., Department of Mathematics and Informatics Faculty of Science, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia., Department of Urology, Clinic of Urology and Nephrology, Clinical Centre "Kragujevac", Zmaj Jovina 30, 34 000, Kragujevac, Serbia.