With this approval, XTANDI is now the first and only oral treatment approved by the FDA in three distinct types of advanced prostate cancer – non-metastatic and metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and mCSPC. The approval is based on results from ARCHES, a randomized Phase 3 study which evaluated 1,150 men with mCSPC and met its primary endpoint of radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS).
"Men with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer face complex treatment decisions and it is critical for physicians and patients to have as much information as possible when deciding on all of the options available," said Andrew Armstrong, M.D., Professor of Medicine, Surgery, Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Director of Research in the Duke Cancer Institute's Center for Prostate and Urologic Cancers and lead investigator of ARCHES. "The research supporting the FDA approval and updated treatment guidelines provide physicians and patients with compelling evidence to consider enzalutamide as a treatment option for men with this disease."Data from the ARCHES trial demonstrated that the use of XTANDI plus androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) significantly reduced the risk of radiographic progression or death by 61 percent compared to placebo plus ADT (n=1,150; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.39 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.30-0.50]; p<0.0001). Overall survival data were not mature at the time of final rPFS analysis.
The safety analysis of the ARCHES trial is generally consistent with the safety profile of XTANDI in previous clinical trials in CRPC. In ARCHES, common adverse reactions (Grade 1 to 4 ARs; occurring in at least 5% of patients) that were reported more frequently in patients treated with XTANDI plus ADT vs placebo plus ADT included hot flush (27% vs 22%), asthenic conditions (24% vs 20%), hypertension (8.0% vs 5.6%), fractures (6.5% vs 4.2%), and musculoskeletal pain (6.3% vs 4.0%).
"XTANDI has been established as a standard of care for men with castration-resistant prostate cancer and has been prescribed to more than 420,000 patients worldwide since it was first approved in 2012," said Andrew Krivoshik, M.D., Ph.D., Senior Vice President and Oncology Therapeutic Area Head at Astellas. "This approval in metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer means physicians can now offer XTANDI to men earlier in their advanced prostate cancer treatment journey."
"Today's approval adds to over a decade of global clinical research aimed at better understanding the potential benefit of XTANDI for men with advanced prostate cancer," said Andy Schmeltz, Global President, Pfizer Oncology. "The FDA approval marks continued progress to help meet the needs of patients, including men living with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer."
About Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is considered metastatic once it has spread outside of the prostate gland to other parts of the body, such as the bones, lymph nodes, bladder, and rectum.2 Men are considered castration- (or hormone-) sensitive if their disease still responds to medical or surgical treatment to lower testosterone levels.1 The prevalence of mCSPC in the U.S. in 2019 is estimated to be just over 40,000.3
The company-sponsored, Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-national ARCHES trial (NCT02677896) enrolled 1,150 patients with mCSPC at sites in the U.S., Canada, Europe, South America, and the Asia-Pacific region. Patients in the trial were randomized to receive XTANDI 160 mg daily or placebo and continued on a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist or antagonist or had a history of bilateral orchiectomy.
The primary endpoint of the trial was rPFS assessed by blinded independent central review. Radiographic progression-free survival was defined as the time from randomization to radiographic disease progression at any time or death within 24 weeks after study drug discontinuation. Radiographic disease progression was defined by identification of two or more new bone lesions on a bone scan with confirmation (Prostate Cancer Working Group 2 criteria) and/or progression in soft tissue disease. Patients were stratified by volume of disease (low vs high) and prior docetaxel therapy for prostate cancer (no prior docetaxel, 1-5 cycles, or 6 prior cycles).
1Cancer.net. Prostate Cancer: Types of Treatment (03-2018). https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/prostate-cancer/types-treatment. Accessed 912-2019.
2 American Society of Clinical Oncology. ASCO Answers: Prostate Cancer (2018). http://www.cancer.net/sites/cancer.net/files/asco_answers_guide_prostate.pdf. Accessed 10-07-2019.
3 Supplement to: Scher HI, Solo K, Valant J, Todd MB, Mehra M. Prevalence of prostate cancer clinical states and mortality in the United States: estimates using a dynamic progression model. PLoS One 2015;10(10):e0139440.
Source: XTANDI® (enzalutamide) Approved by U.S. FDA for the Treatment of Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer - Dec 16, 2019. (2019). Retrieved 17 December 2019, from https://newsroom.astellas.us/2019-12-16-XTANDI-R-enzalutamide-Approved-by-U-S-FDA-for-the-Treatment-of-Metastatic-Castration-Sensitive-Prostate-Cancer
Further Related Content:
ASCO GU 2019: ARCHES Trial-Phase 3 Study of ADT with Enzalutamide in mHSPC