The value of the plasma circulating cell-free DNA concentration and integrity index as a clinical tool for prostate cancer diagnosis: a prospective case-control cohort study in an Iranian population.

Introduction: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer among men and the second cause of cancer death among men. For early detection and differentiating PCa from benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) tissue biopsy has been used for decades. However, circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA) testing is a noninvasive, fast, easily repeatable, and sensitive liquid biopsy for cancer detection. Hence, we aimed to investigate the value of the ccfDNA concentration and integrity index in peripheral blood of a population of Iranian prostatic patients for early diagnosis of the disease. Materials and methods: 100 subjects including 30 PCa, 40 BPH, and 30 healthy individuals were selected. ccfDNA was extracted from fresh blood plasma, and its total concentration and the integrity index were estimated by amplification of ALU115 and ALU247 repeat elements using quantitative real-time PCR. Results: In the PCa group, the ccfDNA concentration and its integrity were significantly higher than that of the BPH and healthy groups (P-value <0.001 and P-value <0.001). The ccfDNA concentration and its integrity were higher in BPH compared to the healthy group, although it was not statistically significant (P-value =0.836 and P-value =0.053, respectively). Conclusion: A significant relation between ccfDNA concentration, its integrity, and PCa suggests that the liquid biopsy can be used as a noninvasive early diagnostic biomarker. Determination of a cutoff or a diagnostic range value of the measured parameters for healthy, BPH, and PCa subjects in more samples of Iranian population results in timely, correct, and early detection, which results in better treatment outcomes. Moreover, this method may reduce overdiagnosis and overtreatment procedures.

Cancer management and research. 2019 May 16*** epublish ***

Maryam Khani, Jalil Hosseini, Reza Mirfakhraie, Mohsen Habibi, Eznollah Azargashb, Farkhondeh Pouresmaeili

Medical Genetics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center (IRHRC), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Central laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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