Salvage robot-assisted radical prostatectomy following failed local treatments.

Prostate cancer represents the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men and is the second-leading cause of cancer related death in the United States. Primary treatment for prostate cancer includes radiotherapy or ablative procedures such as cryotherapy, and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). Unfortunately, a large proportion of these patients, especially with high risk features, may experience disease recurrence within 10 years. Management of recurrent localized prostate cancer is heterogeneous, and radical surgery remains as a salvage option in these patients. The purpose of this article is to offer oncological arguments in favor of salvage robotic radical prostatectomy (sRARP), which could benefit a certain group of patients. Tips and tricks in order to perform a challenging salvage surgery are summarized, as evidence of modern series with acceptable morbidity rates.

ARTICULO SOLO EN INGLES. El cáncer de próstata es la neoplasia  más común diagnosticada en hombres y es el segundoen frecuencia en causa de muerte relacionada conel cáncer en los Estados Unidos. Aparte de la cirugía,el tratamiento primario para el cáncer de próstata incluyeradioterapia o procedimientos ablativos comola crioterapia, y ultrasonido focalizado de alta intensidad(HIFU). Sin embargo, una proporción de estospacientes, especialmente aquellos con criterios de altoriesgo, pueden experimentar recurrencia de la enfermedad.Como opción de tratamiento de rescate, existela posibilidad de ofrecer la prostatectomía radical aestos pacientes. El propósito de este artículo es ofrecerargumentos oncológicos a favor de la prostatectomíaradical robótica de rescate, lo que podría beneficiara un determinado grupo de pacientes. Se resumen lasseries más relevantes con abordaje mínimamente invasivopublicadas hasta la fecha demostrando tasas demorbilidad aceptables.

Archivos espanoles de urologia. 2019 Apr [Epub]

Estefania Linares Espinós, Gabriel Ogaya-Piniés, Juan Ignacio Martínez-Salamanca

University Hospital La Paz. IdiPAZ. Madrid. Spain. Lyx Institute of Urology. Madrid. Spain., Lyx Institute of Urology. Madrid. Spain. Rey Juan Carlos Hospital. Madrid. Spain., Lyx Institute of Urology. Madrid. Spain. University Hospital Puerta de Hierro-Majadahonda. Madrid. Spain.

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