Phase I/II study evaluating the safety and clinical efficacy of temsirolimus and bevacizumab in patients with chemotherapy refractory metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer

Background Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and angiogenesis through vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been shown to play important roles in prostate cancer progression. Preclinical data in prostate cancer has suggested the potential additive effect dual inhibition of VEGF and mTOR pathways.

In this phase I/II trial we assessed the safety and efficacy of bevacizumab in combination with temsirolimus for the treatment of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Methods In the phase I portion, eligible patients received temsirolimus (20 mg or 25 mg IV weekly) in combination with a fixed dose of IV bevacizumab (10 mg/kg every 2 weeks). The primary endpoint for the phase II portion was objective response measured by either PSA or RECIST criteria. Exploratory endpoints included changes in circulating tumor cells (CTC) and their correlation with PSA response to treatment. Results Twenty-one patients, median age 64 (53-82), with pre-treatment PSA of 205.3 (11.1-1801.0), previously treated with a median of 2 (0-5) lines of therapy for mCRPC received the combination of temsirolimus weekly at 20 mg (n = 4) or 25 mg (n = 17) with bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks (n = 21). Median time to progression was 2.6 months (95% CI, 1.2-3.9) and the median best PSA change from baseline to 12 weeks was a 32% increase (-40-632%) which met the predefined futility rule and led to early termination of the study. Nine patients (43%) had ≥ grade 3 toxicity that included fatigue (24%), anorexia (10%), nausea/vomiting (5%) and lymphopenia (5%). In exploratory analysis, a decrease in CTC levels was observed in 9 out of 11 patients. No association between PSA levels and CTC levels was detected. Conclusions The combination of temsirolimus and bevacizumab showed limited clinical activity in mCRPC patients previously treated with chemotherapy and was associated with significant adverse events (AEs). Transient decrease in CTC levels was independent from PSA response. NCT01083368.

Investigational new drugs. 2018 Nov 07 [Epub ahead of print]

Pedro C Barata, Matthew Cooney, Prateek Mendiratta, Ruby Gupta, Robert Dreicer, Jorge A Garcia

Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA., Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, University Hospitals, Cleveland, OH, USA., Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, 9500 Euclid Ave/CA60, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA., Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA., Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, 9500 Euclid Ave/CA60, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA. .

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