Final outcome of 223Ra-therapy and the role of 18F-fluoride-PET in response evaluation in metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer -a single institution experience

223Ra was the first therapeutic alpha-emitting radionuclide registered for clinical practice. This radionuclide is targeting actively bone forming cells, and it is approved for treating metastatic skeletal disease in prostate cancer. 18F-PET is used to detect skeletal metastatic disease based on osteoblastic activity. The aim of this study was to analyze, if 18F-PET can be used assessing the results of 223Ra therapy, and to report final median overall survival in a total of 773 therapy cycles.

A 161 men with castration resistant prostate cancer were included in a single institution study (Protocol#: PA14-0848) and they received a total of 773 223Ra therapy cycles.

The median overall survival (95% CI) was 12.4 (9.1, 16.1) months in patient population. Interim Na18F-PET imaging was applied in 14 patients at baseline, after 3 cycles and after 6 cycles. TLF10 (skeletal disease burden at SUV-values >10 on Na18F -PET) were calculated in all these PET studies, and there was no significant association between change in TLF10 after 3 cycles and TLF10 after 6 cycles (p=0.20).

From these results we conclude that interim imaging does not help in assessing the final outcome of 223Ra therapy. The survival benefit of 223Ra therapy alone is more than a year in a high risk group of advanced prostate cancer.

Current radiopharmaceuticals. 2018 Jun 29 [Epub ahead of print]

Kalevi Kairemo, Denai R Milton, Elba Etchebehere, Eric M Rohren, Homer A Macapinlac

Department of Nuclear Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston. United States., Department of Biostatistics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston. United States.