Advanced prostate cancer may cause significant local complications which affect quality of life, including bladder outlet obstruction and hematuria. We performed a detailed review of our outcomes of palliative transurethral resection of the prostate (pTURP) in the era of taxane chemotherapy and potent androgen receptor antagonists at our tertiary-care institution.
Using hospital coding data, we identified patients with a diagnosis of prostate cancer who underwent a TURP at Hotel-Dieu Hospital in Quebec City between 2006 and 2016 for detailed chart review. Co-morbidities were classified using the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI). Cox regression analyses assessed predictors of perioperative mortality and morbidity.
Of 137 patients identified, 58 were included in our study. Median age was 68 years; 27 (47%) men had castration-resistant prostate cancer and 28 (48%) were metastatic at time of pTURP. Mean follow-up from the first pTURP was 2.2 years, with an estimated 5-year overall survival of 16.3% (95% CI: 6.5%-29.8%). Castration-resistant prostate cancer, CCI ≥5, and age predicted poorer survival. Primary indication for pTURP was bladder outlet obstruction (69%) or hematuria (22%). Postoperative Clavien 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 complications occurred in 20 (34%), 16 (28%), 18 (31%), 3 (5%), 0, and 1 (2%) patients, respectively. Overall, 17 (27%) men underwent ≥1 redo pTURPs and 16 (28%) eventually had an indwelling catheter. Nephrostomy tubes or ureteral stents in place before pTURP remained indefinitely in all cases.
We conclude palliative TURP remains an important surgical option to relieve bladder outlet obstruction in patients with locally advanced prostate cancer, but is ineffective to relieve ureteral obstruction.
Urologic oncology. 2018 Jun 04 [Epub ahead of print]
Joanie Pelletier, Sarah-Jeanne Cyr, Anne-Sophie Julien, Yves Fradet, Louis Lacombe, Paul Toren
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, Canada., Clinical Research Platform, Research Centre of the CHU de Québec-Université Laval, Québec, Canada., Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: .