To validate the adherence of urologists to chemotherapy recommendations given in the EAU guidelines on PeCa. The European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines on penile cancer (PeCa) are predominantly based on retrospective studies with low level of evidence.
A 14-item-survey addressing general issues of PeCa treatment was developed and sent to 45 European hospitals. 557 urologists participated in the survey of which 43.5%, 19.3%, and 37.2% were in-training, certified, and in leading positions, respectively. Median response rate among participating departments was 85.7% (IQR 75-94%). Three of 14 questions addressed clinical decisions on neoadjuvant, adjuvant, and palliative chemotherapy. Survey results were analyzed by bootstrap-adjusted multivariate logistic-regression-analysis to identify predictors for chemotherapy recommendations consistent with the guidelines.
Neoadjuvant, adjuvant, and palliative chemotherapy was recommended according to EAU guidelines in 21%, 26%, and 48%, respectively. For neoadjuvant chemotherapy, urologists holding leading positions or performing chemotherapy were more likely to recommend guideline-consistent treatment (OR 1.85 and 1.92 with p(bootstrap) = 0.007 and 0.003, respectively). Supporting resources (i.e., guidelines, textbooks) were used by 23% of survey participants and significantly improved consistency between treatment recommendations and Guideline recommendations in all chemotherapy settings (p(bootstrap) = 0.010-0.001). Department size and university center status were no significant predictors for all three endpoints.
In this study, we found a very low rate of adherence to the EAU guidelines on systemic treatment for PeCa. Further investigations are needed to clarify whether this missing adherence is a consequence of limited individual knowledge level or of the low grade of guideline recommendations.
World journal of urology. 2019 Dec 13 [Epub ahead of print]
F A Distler, S Pahernik, G Gakis, G Hutterer, S Lebentrau, M Rink, P Nuhn, S Brookman-May, M Burger, C Gratzke, I Wolff, M May
Department of Urology, Klinikum Nuremberg, Paracelsus Medical University Nuremberg, Nuremberg, Germany. ., Department of Urology, Klinikum Nuremberg, Paracelsus Medical University Nuremberg, Nuremberg, Germany., Department of Urology and Pediatric Urology, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany., Department of Urology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria., Department of Urology, Brandenburg Medical School Theodor Fontane, Ruppiner Kliniken, Neuruppin, Germany., Department of Urology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany., Department of Urology, University Medical Centre Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany., Department of Urology, Großhadern, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany., Department of Urology, St. Josef-Hospital Regensburg, Medical University Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany., Department of Urology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany., Department of Urology, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany., Department of Urology, St. Elisabeth-Hospital Straubing, Straubing, Germany.