Long-term follow-up of sequential intravesical gemcitabine and docetaxel salvage therapy for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.

Intravesical gemcitabine and docetaxel (Gem/Doce) has been established as a safe and efficacious salvage treatment for recurrent NMIBC since 2015. Despite widespread adoption of this regimen, long-term outcomes have not been described. We report our experience with intravesical Gem/Doce following BCG failure in a large cohort of patients with extended follow-up.

We retrospectively identified 97 patients at our institution treated with Gem/Doce for high-risk NMIBC after BCG failure between 2009 and 2017. Patients received six weekly intravesical Gem/Doce instillations. Monthly maintenance for 2 years was initiated if disease free at first follow-up. Outcomes included recurrence-free survival (RFS), high-grade recurrence-free survival (HG-RFS), progression-free survival (PFS), cystectomy-free survival (CFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS). Survival probabilities were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

Median follow-up was 49 months. Median age was 73 years, and 71% of the cohort had CIS containing disease. Thirty five percent of the cohort had BCG-unresponsive disease. Complete response at 3-month surveillance was 74% and median duration of response was 25 months. At 1, 2, and 5 years, HG-RFS was 60%, 50%, and 30%, respectively. HG-RFS was similar among BCG-unresponsive patients and the overall cohort. During follow-up, 20 patients underwent cystectomy and 15 patients experienced disease progression. Five-year PFS, CFS, CSS, and OS were 82%, 75%, 91%, and 64%, respectively.

In this long-term analysis, intravesical Gem/Doce for high-risk NMIBC after BCG failure yielded a 75% 5-year bladder preservation rate and a 91% 5-year cancer-specific survival rate. Further prospective trials are warranted.

Urologic oncology. 2022 Nov 28 [Epub ahead of print]

Phani T Chevuru, Ian M McElree, Sarah L Mott, Ryan L Steinberg, Michael A O'Donnell, Vignesh T Packiam

Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA., Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City., Department of Urology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA., Department of Urology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA. Electronic address: .