Background: The prognostic role of programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in bladder cancer has been investigated in previous studies, but the results remain inconclusive. Therefore, we carried out a meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic significance of PD-L1 in patients with bladder cancer. Methods: The electronic databases PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched. The association between PD-L1 expression and survival outcomes and clinicopathological factors was analyzed by hazard ratios (HRs) or odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: A total of 11 studies containing 1,697 patients were included in the meta-analysis. High PD-L1 expression was associated with poor overall survival (OS) (HR = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.24-2.71, p = 0.002). There was nonsignificant association between PD-L1 and recurrence-free survival (RFS) (HR = 1.43, 95% CI = 0.89-2.29, p = 0.134), cancer-specific survival (CSS) (HR = 1.51, 95% CI = 0.80-2.87, p = 0.203), or disease-free survival (DFS) (HR = 1.53, 95% CI = 0.88-2.65, p = 0.13). Furthermore, high PD-L1 was significantly correlated with higher tumor stage (OR = 3.9, 95% CI = 2.71-5.61, p < 0.001) and distant metastasis (OR = 2.5, 95% CI = 1.22-5.1, p = 0.012), while PD-L1 overexpression was not correlated with sex, tumor grade, lymph node status, and multifocality. Conclusions: The meta-analysis suggested that PD-L1 overexpression could predict worse survival outcomes in bladder cancer. High PD-L1 expression may act as a potential prognostic marker for patients with bladder cancer.
Frontiers in pharmacology. 2019 Aug 30*** epublish ***
Lei Zhu, Jin Sun, Ling Wang, Zhigang Li, Lei Wang, Zhibin Li
Department of Urology, First People's Hospital of Shangqiu City, Shangqiu, China., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The General Hospital of Western Theater Command, Chengdu, China., Department of Urology, Panzhihua Central Hospital, Panzhihua, China., Department of Urology, The General Hospital of China National Petroleum Corporation in Jilin, Jilin, China., Department of Urology, Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital, Taiyuan, China.