OIP5 Promotes Growth, Metastasis and Chemoresistance to Cisplatin in Bladder Cancer Cells.

Opa interacting protein 5 (OIP5) has previously been identified as a tumorigenesis gene. The purpose of this study is to explore the role of OIP5 in the progression of bladder cancer (BC). The OIP5 expression and clinical behaviors in bladder cancer were collected from lager database. Our study showed that OIP5 was highly expressed in bladder cancer tissues and cells. Overexpression of OIP5 in tumor patients predicted worse overall survival (OS) and higher histological grade. Vitro and vivo experiments demonstrated that knockdown of OIP5 significantly inhibited cell growth of BC. Scratch assay and transwell assay suggested that migration capacity of BC cells was decreased after knockdown of OIP5. Cisplatin sensitivity assay indicated that depletion of OIP5 increased the sensitivity of BC cells to cisplatin. Finally, we identified 38 overlapping differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between RNA-seq and TCGA analyses which were closely linked to OIP5. Bioinformatics analysis showed that these DEGs enriched in oocyte meiosis, fanconi anemia pathway, cell cycle, and microRNAs regulation. TOP2A, SPAG5, SKA1, EXO1, TK1 were confirmed to associated with bladder cancer development. Our study suggests that OIP5 may be a potential biomarker for growth, metastasis and drug-resistance in bladder cancer.

Journal of Cancer. 2018 Nov 24*** epublish ***

Dailian Wang, Zhicong Chen, Fan Lin, Ziqiang Wang, Qunjun Gao, Haibiao Xie, Huizhong Xiao, Yifan Zhou, Fuyou Zhang, Yingfei Ma, Hongbin Mei, Zhiming Cai, Yuchen Liu, Weiren Huang

Department of Urology, Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangdong, China., College of pharmacy, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangdong, China., Institute of Synthetic Biology, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen, China.