Prognostic Factors Related to Recurrence-Free Survival for Primary Carcinoma in situ of the Bladder after Bacillus Calmette-Guérin: A Retrospective Study.

Primary carcinoma in situ (P-CIS) of the bladder is rare and its clinical behavior and predictive features have not been well described. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of various factors including angiotensin-2 converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin II receptor blockers (ACEIs/ARBs) on recurrence-free survival (RFS)-related prognosis in patients with P-CIS.

In our medical center, 5,945 patients were diagnosed with bladder cancer from January 1999 to January 2014. Of these, 64 patients were diagnosed with CIS and were treated with at least 6 cycles of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). We accessed variables including patient age, sex, initial presenting symptoms, smoking history, P-CIS descriptions, urine cytology, and medication history related to hypertension.

We evaluated the use of anti-hypertensive medications (ACEIs/ARBs, p = 0.028), the symptom of non-gross hematuria (p = 0.028), and older age (p = 0.015) as significant factors related to RFS. Older age was also a significant factor for influencing the RFS rate. We found that the use of anti-hypertensive medications (ACEIs/ARBs) improves RFS in patients with P-CIS after BCG therapy. The prognosis was poor when there was no gross hematuria and if patients were at older ages at the time of diagnosis of P-CIS.

Urologia internationalis. 2018 Sep 04 [Epub ahead of print]

Sung Jin Kim, Wook Nam, Dalsan You, In Gab Jeong, Cheryn Song, Bumsik Hong, Choung-Soo Kim, Hanjong Ahn, Jun Hyuk Hong

Department of Urology, Gangneung Asan Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Gangneung, Republic of Korea., Department of Urology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.