The Effectiveness of Tamoxifen in the Prevention of Recurrent Urethral Strictures Following Internal Urethrotomy

Tamoxifen was not used earlier in clinical practice to decrease the urethral re-stricture rate after visual internal urethrotomy (VIU). In this study, we are the first to report the use of Tamoxifen as an adjuvant therapy to decrease the re-fibrosis and stricture recurrence post-VIU.

Between 2015 and 2017, 60 patients underwent VIU for post-traumatic bulbar urethral stricture ≤1 cm. They were randomly divided into 2 groups (30 patients each). The Tamoxifen group cases received Tamoxifen 10 mg twice daily for 6 months post-VIU. The control group did not receive any medications. All patients were evaluated using the IPSS score, uroflowmetry, and perineal ultrasonography preoperatively at 3 and 6 months.

At presentation, there was no significant difference between patients of both groups in terms of IPSS score, Qmax, stricture width, and length. At 6 months follow-up, the mean IPSS score for the Tamoxifen group was 12.3 (8-19) in comparison with 20 (12-26) in the control group (p < 0.001). The Tamoxifen group had mean Qmax 11.1 mL/s (9-14), while those of the control group had mean Qmax 8.2 mL/s (6-10; p < 0.001). Using perineal ultrasound, only stricture width showed to be significantly smaller in the Tamoxifen group (p = 0.001).

Tamoxifen seemed to be effective in reducing the recurrence of urethral stricture post-VIU. There was a significant improvement of the clinical outcome regarding Qmax and IPSS score after Tamoxifen adjuvant therapy.

Urologia internationalis. 2018 Sep 25 [Epub ahead of print]

M El-Shazly, A Hodhod, M Selim, M El-Gharabawy, A Badawy, E El-Sherif, F Zanaty, F Alhajeri

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Al Minufya, Egypt., Department of Urology, Farwaniya Hospital, Farwaniya, Kuwait.