Patients' perception and satisfaction with pulsed magnetic stimulation for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence

We evaluated patients' perception and satisfaction with nonsurgical pulsed magnetic stimulation (PMS) for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled trial.

Women with SUI (n = 120) were randomized to either active or sham PMS for 8 weeks (twice/week). Patients answered seven questions on their perception and acceptability, each measured on a 5-point Likert scale. Treatment satisfaction was assessed using two parameters: (i) the single-item question "Overall, please rate how satisfied you are with the treatment" and (ii) Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I). All adverse events were documented.

A total of 115 patients completed treatments (active: n = 57, sham: n = 58). There were no significant differences between groups in all parameters regarding perception and acceptability (p > 0.05). In terms of treatment satisfaction, a significantly higher proportion of patients in the active group (n = 47/57, 82.4%) were either mostly or completely satisfied compared with those in the sham group (n = 27/58, 46.6%) ((p = 0.001). Similarly, a statistically significantly higher percentage of patients in the active group (n = 39/57, 68.4%) felt much or very much better compared with patients in the sham group (n = 11/58, 19.0%) as measured using the PGI-I (p < 0.001). Three (5.3%) patients in the active group and five (8.6%) in the sham group experienced adverse events (p = 0.72). Regardless of treatment arms, 109 (94.8%) patients would not consider surgical options even if they required further treatment for their condition.

PMS was well accepted, well tolerated, and resulted in a high treatment satisfaction among women with SUI.

International urogynecology journal. 2017 Jul 25 [Epub ahead of print]

Renly Lim, Men Long Liong, Wing Seng Leong, Nurzalina Abdul Karim Khan, Kah Hay Yuen

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Penang, Malaysia. ., Department of Urology, Island Hospital, Penang, Malaysia., Department of Urology, Lam Wah Ee Hospital, Penang, Malaysia., School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Penang, Malaysia.

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