Post-operative tension adjustment-A simple technical modification in mid-urethral slings (MUS) for stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

Mid-urethral sling (MUS) surgeries have revolutionized the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). However, MUS is a delicate balance of tension on the mid urethral segment with a 12 % risk of failure to achieve complete continence; and up-to 20 % chance of post-operative voiding dysfunction. We propose a simple technical modification in which the long ends of the tape at suprapubic or groin area are not cut immediately and are covered with a sterile dressing. After 48-72 h post-surgery the patient is checked for continence and voiding difficulties. Following this an ultrasonographic assessment of post-void residual urine is performed. Keeping in mind these 3 criteria the tape is adjusted. After complete subjective as well as objective satisfaction the long ends of tape are cut.

This is a retrospective analysis of women who underwent MUS surgery for the management of SUI, with our simple technical modification of tape adjustment in the postoperative period. A total of 17 patients operated by single surgeon in one year were included.

Our results show that 58.8 % of our patients who underwent MUS procedures required post-operative tape adjustment. The number was significantly higher in the MUS - Retropubic group (85.7 %) as compared to the MUS - Obturator group (40 %). Three patients in the MUS - Retropubic group required a second time tape adjustment. Following tape adjustment all patients had complete continence (subjective and objective), with no voiding dysfunction.

The incidence of postoperative voiding dysfunction is significant following MUS surgery for SUI. A simple technical modification of delaying the cutting of the tape for two to three days gives the opportunity for perfect tension adjustment.

European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology. 2021 Mar 15 [Epub ahead of print]

Deeksha Pandey, Vaishnavi Jatana, Pranadeep Reddy Inukollu, Christian Fuenfgeld

OBG, KMC Manipal, MAHE, India. Electronic address: ., OBG, KMC Manipal, MAHE, India. Electronic address: ., OBG, KMC Manipal, MAHE, India. Electronic address: ., Klinik Tettnang, Germany. Electronic address: .