This study aimed to assess the short-term results of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women undergoing laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) with and without midurethral sling (MUS).
This retrospective study was conducted from July 2012 to December 2017. Women with stage 3 or 4 in the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) who underwent LSC were recruited. Multichannel urodynamic studies were performed in all women. Assessment included pre- and postoperative POP-Q stages, urodynamic parameters, peri- and postoperative complications, and symptoms.
One hundred and eighteen patients met the inclusion criteria in total. A total of 19.5% (23/118) of them had concomitant MUS. The mean follow-up duration was 16.9 ± 16.0 (range 3-69) months. Meanwhile, 33.9% (40/118) of the patients were diagnosed with overt SUI, and 50% (20/40) underwent MUS. In the concomitant MUS group, the rate of having postoperative SUI was only 5% (1/20). Patients diagnosed with SUI and without concomitant MUS had a 45% rate (9/20), and 25% of them (5/20) received MUS later. Preoperatively, 16.1% (19/118) of the patients were diagnosed with occult SUI. Among the patients without anti-incontinence sling during prolapse surgery, 25% (4/16) of them complained about having SUI during the follow-up. However, none of the women required subsequent anti-incontinence surgery. Postoperative de novo SUI occurred to 13.6% (16/118) of them. None of the patients received further operation. Based on the preoperative and postoperative urodynamic studies in the combination surgery group, a significant improvement was observed in the pad test.
The combination of LSC with MUS procedure is likely to be beneficial in selected patients.
Lower urinary tract symptoms. 2021 Mar 11 [Epub ahead of print]
Kuan-Hui Huang, Yu-Wei Chang, Yeh Giin Ngo, Ling-Ying Wu, Tsai-Hwa Yang, Yi-Ling Lee, Fei-Chi Chuang
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (ROC)., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan (ROC).