This study aimed to assess the role of tadalafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5-I), in recovery of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP).
All patients treated with RARP between October 2010 and August 2013 were enrolled in this retrospective study on prospectively collected data. Patients were retrospectively divided into groups according to postoperative treatment: patients taking tadalafil twice weekly from 1 month to 6 months after RARP, and patients not taking tadalafil. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), the Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) and urinary continence (UC) were assessed preoperatively (2 days before RARP) and at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after RARP.
There was no difference in the overall IPSS score between the groups. At 6 and 9 months, the IPSS storage symptom scores were significantly lower in patients taking tadalafil than in patients not taking tadalafil. In patients with overactive bladder (OAB) before RARP (n = 22), no differences in the total scores of OABSS were seen between patients taking tadalafil and patients not taking tadalafil. On the other hand, in non-OAB patients before RARP (n = 68), at 3, 6 and 9 months, the total scores of OABSS were significantly lower in patients taking tadalafil than in patients not taking tadalafil. No differences in UC rates after surgery were seen between the groups.
Postoperative tadalafil treatment may be temporarily effective for the recovery of the IPSS storage symptom scores and OABSS.
Scandinavian journal of urology. 2016 Jan 14 [Epub ahead of print]
Masashi Honda, Bunya Kawamoto, Shuichi Morizane, Katsuya Hikita, Kuniyasu Muraoka, Takehiro Sejima, Atsushi Takenaka
a Department of Urology , Tottori University Faculty of Medicine , Yonago , Japan.