Repair of complex vesicovaginal fistulas by combining a rotational bladder flap and full thick vascular peritoneal interposition

PURPOSE - To present the experience of repairing iatrogenic vesicovaginal fistulas (VVFs) using a rotational bladder flap and peritoneal interposition technique.

METHODS - Between January 2009 and June 2014, a total of 18 patients (mean age, 44.0 years; age range, 29-51 years) with VVFs were treated using a transperitoneal approach. All VVFs were complications of gynecologic procedures. Twelve patients experienced recurrent VVFs and one patient had a concomitant rectovaginal fistula after radiotherapy. The fistula was approached transabdominally. The peritoneum covering the bladder was isolated to expose the bladder and prepare for the interposition. The bladder was opened along the sagittal plane to the fistula and a bladder flap was rotated downward to fill the fistula defect. The vaginal defect was closed, then a flap using the isolated peritoneum was interposed and fixed between the vagina and bladder. A ureteral re-implantation was performed in one patient. All VVF procedures were performed by one urologist (SW). Repair of the rectovaginal fistula was performed by a general surgeon at the same time.

RESULTS - Seventeen patients (success rate = 94% [100% for primary cases and 92% for recurrent cases]) had no evidence of recurrent VVF at a mean follow-up of 20 months (range, 6-36 months). The only patient who had previously undergone a repair procedure failed.

CONCLUSIONS - A transperitoneal approach with the use of a rotational bladder flap and peritoneal interposition might be a feasible and reliable procedure for surgical management of iatrogenic VVFs, especially in complicated cases. Neurourol. Urodynam. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Neurourol Urodyn. 2015 Jul 31. doi: 10.1002/nau.22828. [Epub ahead of print]

Chen Y1, Yu W1, Yang Y1, Jin J1, Wu S1, Xiao Y1.

Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital and Institute of Urology, Peking University, National Urological Cancer Center, Beijing, China.

SUFU MyBladder app