Levator hiatal area as a risk factor for cystocele recurrence after surgery: A prospective study - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether increased levator hiatal area, measured preoperatively, was independently associated with anatom-ical cystocele recurrence 12 months after anterior colporrhaphy.

DESIGN: Multicentre prospective cohort study.

SETTING: Nine teaching hospitals in the Netherlands.

POPULATION: Women planned for conventional anterior colporrhaphy without mesh.

METHODS: Women underwent physical examination, translabial three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) prior to surgery. At 12 months after surgery the physical examination was repeated.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Women with and without anatomical cystocele recurrence were compared to assess the association with levator hiatal area on 3D ultrasound, levator hiatal area on MRI, and potential confounding factors. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was created to quantify the discriminative ability of using levator hiatal area to predict anatomical cystocele recurrence.

RESULTS: Of 139 included women, 76 (54.7%) had anatomical cystocele recurrence. Preoperative stage 3 or 4 and increased levator hiatal area during Valsalva on ultrasound were significantly associated with cystocele recurrence, with odds ratios of 3.47 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI 1.66-7.28) and 1.06 (95% CI 1.01-1.11) respectively. The area under the ROC curve was 0.60 (95% CI 0.51-0.70) for levator hiatal area during Valsalva on ultrasound, and 0.65 (95% CI 0.55-0.71) for preoperative Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) stage.

CONCLUSIONS: Increased levator hiatal area during Valsalva on ultrasound prior to surgery and preoperative stage 3 or 4 are independent risk factors for anatomical cystocele recurrence after anterior colporrhaphy; however, increased levator hiatal area as the sole factor for predicting anatomical cystocele recurrence after surgery shows poor test characteristics.

Written by:
Vergeldt T, Notten K, Weemhoff M, van Kuijk S, Mulder F, Beets-Tan RG, Vliegen R, Gondrie E, Bergmans M, Roovers J, Kluivers KB.   Are you the author?
Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Reference: BJOG. 2015 Mar 11. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.13340

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25761589

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