OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence of sleep disturbance in women seeking treatment for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and identify correlates of poor sleep quality in this population by using a validated sleep scale.
STUDY DESIGN: This is a cohort study of female patients with pelvic organ prolapse.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Pelvic Floor Disorders Inventory (PFDI), and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ) measures were completed. Demographic data, medical comorbidities, medications, and physical examinations were also recorded.
RESULTS: 407 Women were enrolled. Analysis was performed on the 250 subjects who completed all PSQI components. Subjects were predominantly white, with a mean age of 61±11 years and mean BMI of 28±5kg/m2. The majority (71%) had Stage III prolapse. Half (N=127) had poor sleep quality (PSQI>5). Women with poor sleep quality were younger, had more medical comorbidities, more pelvic floor symptoms, more nocturia, more depressive symptoms, and took more time to fall asleep. Factors associated with sleep quality were evaluated using multivariable linear regression models. Worse sleep scores were associated with each of the PFDI subscores (urinary, prolapse, bowel), depressive symptoms, severe nocturia symptoms, and number of comorbidities.
CONCLUSIONS: Poor sleep is prevalent in women with prolapse. Pelvic floor symptoms as measured by PFDI sub-scales, were associated with poor sleep quality. Future studies are needed to better understand how sleep disturbances may contribute to the impact of pelvic floor symptoms on quality of life.
Ghetti C, Lee M, Oliphant S, Okun M, Lowder JL. Are you the author?
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, United States; Biostatistics/Epidemiology/Research Design (BERD) Core Center for Clinical and Translational Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, United States; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, United States; Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Pittsburgh, PA, United States; University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, CO, United States.
Reference: Maturitas. 2014 Nov 6. pii: S0378-5122(14)00332-6.