Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a defect of the female pelvic floor. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI), urge urinary incontinence (UUI), and obstructive symptoms may occur in these patients. The objective of surgical treatment is to restore the anatomy and function of the pelvic floor; however, it may prompt urinary symptoms not present previously. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine urodynamic changes in patients undergoing surgical correction for POP.
PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched for studies that contained data from urodynamic evaluation before and after vaginal surgery for POP. The main urodynamic data collected were free uroflowmetry (maximum flow [Qmax], voided volume, and post-void residual volume [PVR]), cystometry (bladder capacity, presence of detrusor overactivity [DO], SUI or UUI, and Valsalva leak point pressure), and pressure × flow study (detrusor pressure at maximum flow [PdetQmax], Qmax, and PVR).
A total of 22 studies were included (1,549 women). Patients had a significantly higher prevalence of DO before surgery (OR = 1.56; 95% CI = 1.06-2.29), and surgeries without sling placement demonstrated a tendency to ameliorate DO. Patients who did not receive a sling were more incontinent after surgery. Bladder-emptying parameters improved after surgery, with higher PdetQmax before surgery (IV = 3.23; 95% CI = 0.45-1.18). Patients who did not receive MUS presented a lower Qmax (IV = -3.19; 95%CI = -4.09 to -2.30) and a higher PVR (IV = 27.89; 95%CI = 15.68-40.1) before surgery.
Correction surgery for POP yields better urodynamic emptying parameters, with a reduction in the prevalence of DO. In contrast, sling placement enhances obstructive parameters.
International urogynecology journal. 2022 Apr 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Danilo Budib Lourenço, Hugo Octaviano Duarte-Santos, Alexandre Dib Partezani, Saulo Borborema Teles, Bianca Bianco, Luis Augusto Seabra Rios, Gustavo Caserta Lemos, Arie Carneiro
Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Av. Albert Einstein, 627, Sala 303, Bloco A1, Sao Paulo, SP, CEP 05652-900, Brazil., Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Av. Albert Einstein, 627, Sala 303, Bloco A1, Sao Paulo, SP, CEP 05652-900, Brazil. .