Clinical outcomes after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse: A 3-year follow-up study.

To evaluate the mid-range subjective and objective success rate of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy.

Of the 317 women with pelvic organ prolapse who underwent laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy surgery at the same center between January 2013 and March 2015, we assessed 233 patients who were followed up for >3 years. We carried out urogynecological examinations and used questionnaires for the postoperative assessment of the patients. Scoring 0 points on question 3 of the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 was considered to show subjective success. Objective success was defined as stage 0 or 1 on the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification.

The subjective and objective success rates in the third year after surgery were 89.7% (209/233) and 90.6% (211/233), respectively, and those in the first year were 90.6% (211/233) and 91.0% (212/233), respectively. Perioperative complications included bladder injury (0.4%) in one case and vaginal wall injury (0.4%) in one case. Postoperative complications included the incidence of chronic pain (mesh retraction) in one case, which was the only case requiring re-operation due to complications (0.4%); vaginal suture exposure (0.4%) in one case; port-site hernia (0.4%) in one case; and subileus (0.4%) in one case. The complications associated with voiding function included de novo stress urinary incontinence (20.6%) in 48 cases, out of which there were 12 cases of de novo overactive bladder (5.2%) and eight cases required midurethral sling procedures.

Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy provides a good outcome with a low rate of subjective and objective recurrence and surgical complications.

International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association. 2021 Jan 12 [Epub ahead of print]

Yugo Sawada, Yasuhide Kitagawa, Tokumasa Hayashi, Shino Tokiwa, Mika Nagae, Auran Rosanne Cortes, Masayoshi Nomura

Urogynecology Center, Kameda Medical Center, Kamogawa, Chiba, Japan., Department of Urology, Komatsu Municipal Hospital, Komatsu, Ishikawa, Japan.