The safety and efficiency of onabotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of overactive bladder: a systematic review and meta-analysis

To assess the impact on safety and efficiency of onabotulinumtoxinA (BOTOX1, Allergan, Inc.) treatment in patients with an overactive bladder.

We searched the PubMed(®), Embase(®), and Cochrane Library Databases to identify all randomized controlled trials comparing the outcomes of onabotulinumtoxinA and placebo for overactive bladder.

The outcomes included reductions in overactive bladder symptoms or improvements in the function of bladder and the side effects of two treatments. The Cochrane Collaboration Review Manager software (RevMan 5. 1. 4) was used for statistical analysis.

The study inclusion criteria were met by eight randomized controlled trials involving 1875 patients. The synthesized data from these randomized controlled trials indicated that onabotulinumtoxinA was better than placebo in decreasing most overactive bladder symptoms (p < 0. 00001, p < 0. 00001, p < 0. 00001, p < 0. 00001, p = 0. 0003) in the micturition, urgency, urinary incontinence, urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), and nocturia per day change, respectively; however, the maximum cystometric capacity change from the baseline appeared not to be significantly different between two methods (p = 0. 05). In addition, the side effects in the onabotulinumtoxinA group were more serious than the placebo group (p < 0. 00001, p = 0. 009, p = 0. 07, p < 0. 0001, p = 0. 03 in the UTI, bacteriuria, dysuria, urinary retention, residual urine volume, respectively).

Compared with the placebo, onabotulinumtoxinA had significantly and clinically relevant reductions in overactive bladder symptoms, but it also leaded to more side effects.

International urology and nephrology. 2015 Oct 03 [Epub ahead of print]

Yi Sun, Deyi Luo, Cai Tang, Lu Yang, Hong Shen

Department of Urology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, No. 37 Guoxue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, People's Republic of China. , Department of Urology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, No. 37 Guoxue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, People's Republic of China. , Department of Urology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, No. 37 Guoxue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, People's Republic of China. , Department of Urology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, No. 37 Guoxue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, People's Republic of China. , Department of Urology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, No. 37 Guoxue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, People's Republic of China. 

PubMed

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