Sleep and Nocturia in Older Adults

Older adults frequently experience nocturia and sleep disturbance concurrently, and problems with sleep resulting from nocturia are a major factor accompanying the bother associated with nocturia. A multicomponent treatment strategy is usually warranted. Initial treatment includes lifestyle modification and behavioral treatment with consideration of pelvic floor muscle exercise-based therapy. Early evidence suggests that behavioral treatment results in similar nocturia reductions compared with the most frequently used drug therapies. Providers should consider formal sleep evaluation if initial treatment strategies for nocturia do not result in significant improvement, because specific sleep disorders may predispose to nocturia.

Sleep Med Clin. 2018 Mar;13(1):107-116. doi: 10.1016/j.jsmc.2017.09.010. Epub 2017 Dec 8

Camille P. VaughanMD, MS1 and  Bliwise DL2

1. Birmingham/Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Atlanta VA Medical Center, Decatur, GA, USA; Division of General Medicine and Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. 
2. Program in Sleep, Aging and Chronobiology, Department of Neurology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.