Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome: Epidemiology, pathophysiology and evidence-based treatment options - Abstract

Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is a chronic debilitating condition that can have a severely negative impact on a patient's quality of life.

Its prevalence ranges from 52 to 500/100,000 in females compared to 8-41/100,000 in males, and its incidence is increasing globally. Treatment algorithms are sub-classified into behavioural, pharmacological, intravesical, interventional and surgical therapies. Short-term (i.e. < 1 year) cure rates range from 50% to 75% for non-/minimally-invasive therapies, but repeat administration of a therapeutic agent is required. Although definitive surgical intervention is associated with greater long-term cure rates (≥80%); significant short- and long-term adverse effects occur more frequently. Clinicians are likely to experience increasing numbers of patients with IC/PBS as more is understood about its pathophysiology and evolving epidemiology. Therefore urogynaecologists should familiarise themselves with appropriate diagnostic criteria and evidence based therapies to optimise clinical outcomes in this patient cohort.

Written by:
Davis NF, Brady CM, Creagh T.   Are you the author?
Department of Urogynaecology, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland; Department of Urology, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland; Department of Urology, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland.

Reference: Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2014 Jan 13. pii: S0301-2115(14)00023-2.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.12.041

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 24480114 Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Section