Prevalence and risk factors of pelvic pain - Abstract

OBJETIVES: To determine the prevalence of Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) symptoms in Malaga and its province and to identify risk factors associated.

METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Malaga and its province, 18-65 years-old throughout a non-probability sampling by quotas (n=887), stratified by sex, age and counties. All participants completed the QCPP-M, a self-administered questionnaire, validated tool due to its ability to discriminate patients with and without CPP.

RESULTS: Prevalence of symptoms of CPP in subjects between 18-65 years-old was 22.8% in general population (30.9% women and 15.6% men) (RR=1.974 for women versus men, 95% CI 1.53-2.55, P< .001). After correction by sex and age individuals who practice physical activity had a lower score in QCPP-M that others who do not not (mean difference -0.65±0.27). They were significantly associated with higher scores in the following factors: lifting and/or moving weights in activities of daily life (1.34±0.33), laxatives intake and/or high-fiber diet (2.09±0.48), having suffered from urogenital infectious disease in the past: vulvovaginitis, cystitis and prostatitis (1.77±0.55), hemorrhoids/anal fissure (1.31±0.40) or pelvic trauma (1.21±0, 61) respectively. Individuals who spend more time standing had a tendency to have higher scores on QCPP-M (coefficient of regression adjusted for sex and age of 0.078 points/hour, SE=0.04, P< .068).

CONCLUSIONS: High prevalence of CPP symptoms in Málaga (22.8%), this is related with significantly several risk factors.

Written by:
Díaz-Mohedo E, Hita-Contreras F, Luque-Suárez A, Walker-Chao C, Zarza-Luciáñez D, Salinas-Casado J.   Are you the author?
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, España.

Reference: Actas Urol Esp. 2013 Oct 24. pii: S0210-4806(13)00332-X.
doi: 10.1016/j.acuro.2013.09.006

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 24206627

Article in English, Spanish. Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Section