The diagnostic and therapeutic efficacy of cystoscopy with hydrodistension and random biopsies in clinically suspected interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome.

We aimed to explore the diagnostic and therapeutic efficacy of cystoscopy with hydrodistension and random biopsies for clinically suspected interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS).

We reviewed the data of fifty-five clinically suspected IC/BPS patients underwent cystoscopy with hydrodistension and random biopsies. Global Response Assessment was used to evaluate the efficacy. Disease severity was assessed by thorough history, physical examination, 3-day frequency volume chart, visual analog scale of pain, Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index (ICSI) and clinical phenotype system (UPOINT).

According to the pathologic outcomes from random biopsies, three out of the 55 clinically suspected IC/BPS were diagnosed as bladder carcinoma. Among the 52 IC/BPS patients, thirty-six patients (69.2%) had initial chief complaints of urinary frequency and urgency. Under cystoscopy, twenty-nine patients and 23 patients were classified as Hunner ulcer type and diffuse global mucosal bleeding (grade III glomerulation). The median functional bladder capacity of the 52 IC/BPS patients was 100 ml. Hydrodistension was effective in 28 patients (53.8%) at postoperative 3 months, which decreased to 25% at post-hydrodistension 6 months and to 13.5% at 12 months. For the 28 hydrodistension-effective patients, the remission degrees of daytime frequency, nocturia, VAS bladder pain and ICSI score were 50.3%, 49.4%, 68.1% and 48%, which were significantly higher than the 16.9% (daytime frequency, P < 0.001), 20.5% (nocturia, P = 0.021), 7.4% (VAS pain score, P < 0.001) and 6.1% (ICSI, P < 0.001) in the hydrodistension-negative group. According to the UPOINT system, the hydrodistension-effective cases had significantly higher rates of symptom remission in U (P = 0.002), P (P = 0.026), O (P < 0.001), and T (P < 0.001) domains than the corresponding negative cases. In effective group, the O domain had the most remission rate (26 out of 28, 92.9%, P < 0.001), followed by the U domain (12 out of 28, 42.9%, P < 0.001) and T domain (12 out of 28, 42.9%, P < 0.001).

Histopathological analysis from random biopsies could distinguish bladder carcinoma from clinically suspected IC/BPS. Hydrodistension is more likely to be effective when chronic pelvic pain is obviously alleviated. The efficacy of hydrodistension could act in a certain period of time.

European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology. 2021 Aug 27 [Epub]

Yuke Chen, Ziqi Ying, Yunxiang Xiao, Yi Liu, Shiliang Wu

Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, 8 Xishiku Street, Xicheng District, Beijing 100034, China., Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, 8 Xishiku Street, Xicheng District, Beijing 100034, China. Electronic address: ., Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, 8 Xishiku Street, Xicheng District, Beijing 100034, China. Electronic address: .

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