Possible role of intravenous administration of mesenchymal stem cells to alleviate interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome in a Toll-like receptor-7 agonist-induced experimental animal model in rat.

Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) categorized with and without Hunner lesions is a condition that displays chronic pelvic pain related to the bladder with no efficacious treatment options. There are strong associations suggested between Hunner-type IC and autoimmune diseases. Recently, we established an animal model of Hunner-type IC using a Toll-like receptor-7 (TLR7) agonist. Intravenous infusion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be used to treat injury via multimodal and orchestrated therapeutic mechanisms including anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we investigated whether infused MSCs elicit therapeutic efficacy associated with the TLR7-related anti-inflammatory pathway in our Hunner-type IC model.

Voiding behaviors were monitored 24 h prior to the Loxoribine (LX), which is a TLR7 agonist instillation in order to establish a Hunner-type IC model (from - 24 to 0 h) in female Sprague-Dawley rats. LX was instilled transurethrally into the bladder. At 0 h, the initial freezing behavior test confirmed that no freezing behavior was observed in any of the animals. The LX-instilled animals were randomized. Randomized LX-instilled rats were intravenously infused with MSCs or with vehicle through the right external jugular vein. Sampling tissue for green fluorescent protein (GFP)-positive MSCs were carried out at 48 h. Second voiding behavior tests were monitored from 72 to 96 h. After the final evaluation of the freezing behavior test at 96 h after LX instillation (72 h after MSC or vehicle infusion), histological evaluation with H&E staining and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to analyze the mRNA expression levels of inflammatory cytokines were performed.

Freezing behavior was reduced in the MSC group, and voiding behavior in the MSC group did not deteriorate. Hematoxylin-eosin staining showed that mucosal edema, leukocyte infiltration, and hemorrhage were suppressed in the MSC group. The relative expression of interferon-β mRNA in the bladder of the MSC group was inhibited. Numerous GFP-positive MSCs were distributed mainly in the submucosal and mucosal layers of the inflammatory bladder wall.

Intravenous infusion of MSCs may have therapeutic efficacy in a LX-instilled Hunner-type IC rat model via a TLR7-related anti-inflammatory pathway.

BMC urology. 2021 Nov 13*** epublish ***

Hidetoshi Tabata, Masanori Sasaki, Yuko Kataoka-Sasaki, Nobuo Shinkai, Koji Ichihara, Naoya Masumori, Jeffery D Kocsis, Osamu Honmou

Department of Urology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, 060-8556, Japan., Department of Neural Regenerative Medicine, Research Institute for Frontier Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-8556, Japan. ., Department of Neural Regenerative Medicine, Research Institute for Frontier Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-8556, Japan., Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.

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