To evaluate the quality of YouTube™ videos on bladder pain syndrome (BPS) and to investigate whether they can be used as a reliable source of information.
The search term "bladder pain syndrome" was used on YouTubeTM platform. The first 100 videos were selected. Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool for audio-visual content (PEMAT A/V), Global Quality Score (GQS), Misinformation tool, and DISCERN score were used to assess videos' quality content. Pearson's test was used to assess potential correlations between variables.
Seventy-nine videos were suitable for the analyses. The median PEMAT A/V Understandability score and PEMAT A/V Actionability score were 66.7% (interquartile range [IQR]: 46.2-100.0) and 75.0% (IQR: 37.5-100.0), respectively. According to GQS, 26 (32.9%), 32 (40.5%), 3 (3.8%), 15 (19.0%), and 3 (3.8%) videos were excellent, good, moderate, generally poor, and poor, respectively. According to Misinformation tool, of all videos, 81% (n = 64), 6.3% (n = 5), 5.1% (n = 4), 5.1% (n = 4), 2.5% (n = 2) had respectively no, very little, moderate, high, and extreme misinformation. The overall median DISCERN score ranged from 5.0 (IQR: 2.0-5.0) to 5.0 (IQR: 5.0-5.0). A positive statistically significant correlation was found between video length and PEMAT A/V Understandability (r = 0.27, p = 0.01), video length and PEMAT A/V Actionability (r = .26, p = 0.02), and video length and DISCERN Question 16 (r = 0.28, p = 0.01).
Nowaday, the overall quality of YouTubeTM videos on BPS have been evaluated good according to PEMAT A/V, GQS, Misinformation tool, and DISCERN score. It is possible to assume that YouTubeTM may be considered as a reliable source of information on BPS.
Neurourology and urodynamics. 2021 Sep 24 [Epub ahead of print]
Simone Morra, Claudia Collà Ruvolo, Luigi Napolitano, Roberto La Rocca, Giuseppe Celentano, Gianluigi Califano, Massimiliano Creta, Marco Capece, Carmine Turco, Simone Cilio, Alberto Melchionna, Gerardo Gerundo, Francesco Trama, Francesco Mangiapia, Ferdinando Fusco, Vincenzo Mirone, Nicola Longo
Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, Urology Unit, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy., Department of Translational Medical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy., Andrology and Urogynecology Clinic, Santa Maria Terni Hospital, University of Perugia, Terni, Italy., Urology Unit, Department of Woman, Child and General and Specialized Surgery, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli', Caserta, Italy.