Improvements to vulvar aesthetics, particularly the clitoral complex and labia minora reconstruction, are difficult and remain the challenge of genital reconstructive surgeons. Various modifications of penile inversion technique have been introduced to improve vulvar aesthetics in recent years. Generally penile inversion vaginoplasty leaves limited penile tissue to reconstruct the natural labia minora. This article describes improvements made to overcome substantial limitations of the widely used traditional penile inversion vaginoplasty technique, with emphasis on creating a realistic vulvar aesthetic appearance in all respects, without compromising sexual sensation or vaginal depth.
The Urologic clinics of North America. 2019 Nov [Epub]
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