Laparoscopic extraperitoneal repair of symptomatic hydrocele in children: A single-center experience with 73 surgeries - Abstract

Department of Urology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University , Guangzhou, China.


To introduce a novel, two-port laparoscopic technique for treatment of hydrocele in children, which allows completely extraperitoneal closure of the patent processus vaginalis (PPV) and does not necessitate laparoscopic suturing skills.

We describe a consecutive series of 56 boys with a median age of 36 months (range 12-144 mos) who presented with a presumably communicating hydrocele. Laparoscopic repair of these hydroceles was performed between July 2009 and June 2010. During surgery, a 5-mm laparoscope and a 3-mm grasping forceps were inserted through an identical umbilical incision (10 mm). The hydrocele sac orifice was closed extraperitoneally by circuit suturing around the internal inguinal ring.

All cases were preoperatively diagnosed to be unilaterally based on physical examination and ultrasonography. During surgery, 17 of the 56 (30%) patients presented a contralateral PPV. A total of 73 laparoscopic procedures were achieved, with a success rate of 100%. The mean operative time was 25±6 and 36±5 minutes for unilateral and bilateral operations, respectively. During a median follow-up period of 6 months (range 1-12 mos), neither recurrence nor other postoperative complication was encountered.

Our limited experiences suggest that the two-port, totally extraperitoneal laparoscopic technique could be a safe, effective, and reliable alternative for management of pediatric hydrocele.

Written by:
Wang DJ, Qiu JG, Fang YQ, Si TJ, Luo JB, Gao X.   Are you the author?

Reference: J Endourol. 2011 Jul;25(7):1221-5.
doi: 10.1089/end.2010.0594

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21711131 Pediatric Urology Section



email news signup