Department of Nephro-urology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan.
We compare the technical details and surgical outcomes of adult and pediatric laparoscopic pyeloplasty, and discuss the lessons learned from these comparisons.
A total of 46 patients underwent laparoscopic pyeloplasty for repair of ureteropelvic junction obstruction between August 2006 and April 2010. Patients were divided into 2 groups-adults (older than 16 years, 21 patients) and children (15 years or younger, 25 patients). Medical records and surgical videos were reviewed with particular attention to patient characteristics, procedures and surgical outcomes.
Crossing vessels were more common in adults (p < 0.05). After June 2009 we tried to perform a transmesenteric approach for left ureteropelvic junction obstruction, and actually performed this procedure for 3 of 5 adults (60%) and 8 of 10 children (80%). There was no significant difference in median operative times between adults and children. However, mean time required for exposure of the ureteropelvic junction in children (54 minutes) was less than that in adults (81 minutes, p < 0.005). Mean time required for ureteropelvic anastomosis tended to be longer in children. Postoperative complications were noted in 3 adults and 1 child. Percentage reduction in anteroposterior diameter of the renal pelvis was significantly greater in children than in adults (p < 0.05). Successful resolution of ureteropelvic junction obstruction was observed in 90.0% of adults and 95.5% of children.
Understanding of the key surgical steps of adult and pediatric laparoscopic pyeloplasty can provide for the improvement of laparoscopic skills, and facilitate procedures in adult and pediatric populations.
Kojima Y, Umemoto Y, Mizuno K, Tozawa K, Kohri K, Hayashi Y. Are you the author?
Reference: J Urol. 2011 Apr;185(4):1461-8.