Caring for urologic transition patients: Current practice patterns and opinions

Congenitalism is an emerging field that recognizes the complex needs of adult patients with congenital urologic issues. Despite the onset of transitional care clinics, these patients remain difficult to care for due to resource availability, insurance coverage, and multi-disciplinary needs.

The current study sought to characterize practice patterns and opinions regarding care for urologic transition patients.

An anonymous 20-question survey was sent to members of the Society of Pediatric Urology listserv. Questions pertained to physician background, practice demographics, clinic structure, and quality. Five-point Likert scales were used to assess quality markers (5 = most/best). Data were analyzed in R, and subgroup analyses were performed. Subgroups included presence of formal transition clinic, city size, and practice type.

The response rate was 53%, with 124 respondents. A formal transition clinic was reported by 32%. Those with formal clinics reported higher enthusiasm (3.9 vs 3.4, P < 0.01) for care of these patients and believed they provided better care compared to other institutions (P < 0.001) Summart Table. There was no significant difference in perceived quality between respondents in academic vs other practices. There was a small trend towards higher-quality ratings in smaller cities (3.8 vs 3.5, P = 0.13). The majority (64%) felt that transition patients are best cared for by specialized adult providers; however, these formalized clinics found to be staffed primarily by pediatric providers (54%).

This study supported the general consensus in the literature that transition clinics improve care for urologic transition patients, while underlining discordance between current practice patterns and recommendations for optimal care.

The majority of practices appeared to lack a formal transition clinic, and there was variation in their structure. Those with formal clinics tended to rate themselves as providing higher-quality care. The majority of respondents believed that adult specialists in either reconstructive or neuro-urology are best suited to care for these complex patients.

Journal of pediatric urology. 2018 Mar 02 [Epub ahead of print]

J M Zillioux, J N Jackson, C D A Herndon, S T Corbett, N G Kern

Department of Urology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA., Department of Urology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA., Department of Urology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA. Electronic address: .