PURPOSE: We investigated retrospectively the clinical outcomes of the patients with type iii inflammatory chronic prostatitis, who were treated with fluoroquinolones with and without an α-blocker between 2009-2011.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Diagnosis was established with medical history (symptoms presented longer than 3 months within previous 6 months), physical examination, Meares-Stamey test and the questionnaire of the NIH-CPSI. The responses to the treatment were assessed with uroflowmetry test and the questionnaire of NIH-CPSI at initial and after 4 weeks of the treatment. The patients with incomplete data and treatment and who treated with α-blockers and/or antibiotics in the period 4 weeks prior to the therapy started in our clinic and had any surgery of lower urinary tract previously were excluded. The patients were classified under 6 groups; group1=ciprofloxacin, group2=ofloxacin, group3=levofloxacin, group4=ciprofloxacin+tamsulosin, group5=ofloxacin+tamsulosin, group 6=levofloxacin+tamsulosin. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks and Kruskal Wallis test were used for comparison of results. Mann Whitney U test with Bonferroni correction made was used as posthoc (P< .05).
RESULTS: The median scores of NIH-CPSI decreased significantly in all groups (P< .05). Levofloxacin reduced the median total scores of NIH-CPSI more than ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin monotherapies. The combination therapies were better than antibiotic therapies alone and best result was obtained in levofloxacin+tamsulosin combination.
CONCLUSION: Tamsulosin+fluoroquinolone (especially tamsulosin+levofloxacin) combinations yielded better results in both NIH-CPSI scores and peak flow rates.
Altintas R, Oguz F, Beytur A, Ediz C, Gunes A, Ozer A. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Medical Faculty, Inonu University, Malatya, Turquía.
Reference: Actas Urol Esp. 2013 Jun 12. pii: S0210-4806(13)00154-X.
Article in English, Spanish.