Evidence for noninvasive management of Peyronie's disease contains many options with varying levels of evidence for each. Many first-line treatments recommended by urologists lack strong evidence for their use.
We summarize the noninvasive (oral medications, topical medications, traction, vacuum erection devices, extracorporeal shock wave therapy, intracavernosal injections and electromotive therapy) treatment options for Peyronie's disease and provide the levels of evidence for each.
A literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalKey databases was conducted, current up to April 2019.
For each treatment modality, we measured level of evidence, change in penile curvature, change in erectile function, the percentage of patients with improved angulation, and pain scores.
There is weak evidence to support the use of oral or topical medications. Higher levels of evidence exist for intracavernosal injections and extracorporeal shock wave therapy and may be helpful in certain patient populations.
The mechanisms behind Peyronie's disease are not fully understood. Penile injections provide the highest quality of evidence for noninvasive treatment. Ory J, MacDonald L, Langille G. Noninvasive Treatment Options for Peyronie's Disease. Sex Med Rev 2020;XX:XXX-XXX.
Sexual medicine reviews. 2020 Jan 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Jesse Ory, Landan MacDonald, Gavin Langille
Department of Urology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada. Electronic address: ., Department of Urology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada., Department of Urology, Dalhousie University, Saint John, NB, Canada.