The aim of this study is to investigate whether serum vitamin D level predicts the risk of Peyronie's disease. Calcium and inflammatory cytokines play an important role during fibrocalcification of the plaques in Peyronie's Disease. TGF-β1 is one of the most fibrogenic cytokines. Increasing serum vitamin D levels is considered that induce expression of TGF-β1. Serum vitamin D levels and TGF-β1 are related with calcifications of some soft tissues in previous studies. One hundred and three Peyronie patients and 162 healthy volunteers were included in the study. In both groups, demographic data, medical history, physical examination and erectile capacity were recorded. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, triglyceride and testosterone levels were measured. The mean level of serum 25 (OH) D was significantly higher in men with Peyronie's disease compared with the controls (32.6 ± 7.9 ng/ml vs. 18.5 ± 6.6 ng/ml respectively. p < 0.001). There is a relationship between Peyronie's disease and high serum vitamin D levels. Also, increased low-density lipoprotein and total cholesterol levels, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular diseases were associated with Peyronie's disease.
Andrologia. 2019 Jul 10 [Epub]
Halil Lutfi Canat, Osman Can, Sait Ozbir, Suleyman Sami Cakir, Mehmet Gokhan Culha, Recep Yilmaz Bayraktarli, Hasan Anıl Atalay
Department of Urology, Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey., Department of Radiology, Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.