Sex hormone-binding globulin, also known as testosterone-estradiol-binding globulin, is a multifunctional protein synthesised by hepatocytes. Sex hormone-binding globulin specifically binds and transports sex hormones to regulate plasma bioactive sex hormone levels and affects their bioavailability. As male sex hormone expression is dominated by testosterone, the binding of sex hormone-binding globulin with testosterone leads to the reduction in bioavailable testosterone, which cannot fulfil its physiological roles, thereby resulting in male infertility, erectile and gonadal dysfunction, prostate cancer and other male reproductive system diseases. Sex hormone-binding globulin may be involved in the pathogenesis of male reproductive system diseases, seriously affecting the quality of life of men. In this article, we review the association between sex hormone-binding globulin and male reproductive system diseases.
Andrologia. 2020 Oct 28 [Epub ahead of print]
Qiyou Wan, Yan Xie, Yuanzhong Zhou, Xubo Shen
School of Public Health, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou, China.