Evaluation of sexual and fertility dysfunction in spinal cord-injured men in Jamaica

Sexual dysfunction and infertility are common in males with traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCIs). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction and infertility in males with traumatic SCI managed in Jamaica, as well as the therapeutic options offered.

A cross-sectional study including males with traumatic SCI managed at the Sir John Golding Rehabilitation Centre, Kingston, Jamaica was carried out between 1 January and 31 December 2015. Sexual function was measured with the International Index of Erectile Function Questionnaire, and further information on social history, fertility desires and treatment options offered were collected. Data were analyzed using Stata 12 for Windows (College Station, TX, USA). The mean age of patients at the time of study was 38.8±15.3 years (range 19-71) with a mean duration of injury of 3.7±2.4 years (range 1.3-15.6). Of 45 patients with traumatic SCI surveyed, 90.7% had erectile dysfunction, with 62.8% being classified as severe and 73.3% of men were unable to ejaculate. Treatment for erectile and ejaculatory dysfunction was offered in only two patients, respectively. Most (71.1%) patients indicated that they wanted to have children in the future, however, no one had been referred for assisted reproductive techniques.

Men with traumatic SCI have high rates of severe erectile and ejaculatory dysfunctions, but have preserved interests in maintaining fertility. Adherence to guidelines for sexual education for men with traumatic SCI in Jamaica and the Caribbean is needed.

Spinal cord series and cases. 2017 May 25*** epublish ***

Belinda F Morrison, Ian White-Gittens, Simon Smith, Shari St John, Romar Bent, Rory Dixon

Department of Surgery, University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica., Sir John Golding Rehabilitation Centre, Kingston, Jamaica.