Erectile dysfunction (ED) is common after radical prostatectomy (RP) due to cavernous nerve damage. Risk of ED is also affected by vascular function. Statins prevent vascular events but their association with post-prostatectomy ED is unclear. We explored the likelihood of starting ED treatment after RP by statin use at the population level.
The study cohort included 14,295 prostate cancer (PCa) patients with no ED treatment prior to diagnosis of PCa treated with RP in Finland during 1995-2013. Information on use of cholesterol-lowering drugs and ED medication during 1995-2014 and penile prosthesis implantation during 1996-2014 were gathered from national registries. Risk of ED treatment initiation after RP was analyzed by pre-diagnostic and post-diagnostic statin and non-statin cholesterol lowering (NSCL) drug use with Cox regression model.
Pre-diagnostic statin use or NSCL drug use overall had no association with risk of ED treatment initiation after RP. Post-diagnostic statin use was associated with a slightly increased risk of initiation of any ED treatment (HR = 1.07; 95% CI = 1.01-1.14). Patients with the longest duration of post-diagnostic statin use had a significantly decreased risk of PDE5 inhibitor initiation compared to non-users (HR = 0.43; 95% CI = 0.20-0.94). Among patients with no cardiovascular comorbidities, pre-diagnostic statin users had a significantly increased risk of initiation of injectable ED drugs (HR = 1.27; 95% CI = 1.04-1.55), however, no association with risk of any other ED treatment was observed.
Statin users have a slightly increased risk of ED treatment initiation after RP, which probably reflects the effect of the underlying vascular insufficiency.
Scandinavian journal of urology. 2023 Jan 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Roni M Joentausta, Aino Siltari, Antti Rannikko, Teemu J Murtola
Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland., Department of Urology, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.