Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a prevalent and under-recognized complaint among male solid organ transplant recipients. Most research on this topic has focused on kidney transplant recipients alone. In this review, we integrate current research on ED across all types of solid organ transplant recipients and assess the success of current methods of ED treatment in transplant populations.
To review the current literature addressing the prevalence and treatment of ED in the male solid organ transplant population.
A literature search was conducted using PubMed to identify relevant studies. Search terms included "organ transplant" and "erectile dysfunction." Titles and abstracts were reviewed for relevance. References from identified articles were also searched and included, if appropriate.
Review of peer-reviewed literature.
The prevalence of ED among transplant recipients is higher than that in the general population: 39.8-86.2% in liver transplant recipients, 54-66% in renal transplant recipients, 71-78% in heart transplant recipients, and 79% in simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant recipients. Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors have up to 80% efficacy in treating ED in kidney transplant recipients. Intracavernosal injections have been used with success rates of 60-70% in cardiac and renal transplant recipients. Penile prostheses have also been shown to be safe and effective across transplant types. A low incidence of infection has been reported in several case series, although there is concern for an increased rate of mechanical complications in pelvic organ transplant recipients. Accordingly, placement of a two-piece or malleable prosthesis or ectopic reservoir placement with a three-piece inflatable prosthesis is suggested in this population.
ED is highly prevalent among male solid organ transplant recipients and should be routinely screened in this population. Current modalities of ED treatment used in the general population are safe and effective in solid organ transplant recipients, although success rates are often lower than those in the general population. Payne K, Popat S, Lipshultz LI, et al. The Prevalence and Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction in Male Solid Organ Transplant Recipients. Sex Med Rev 2019;XX:XXX-XXX.
Sexual medicine reviews. 2019 Dec 16 [Epub ahead of print]
Kelly Payne, Shreeya Popat, Larry I Lipshultz, Nannan Thirumavalavan
Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX., Scott Department of Urology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX., Urology Institute, University Hospitals/Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address: .