Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate: Patient Selection and Outcomes

Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is a proven technique to alleviate bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Herein, we review factors relevant to selecting patients who will benefit from this procedure and expected outcomes.

New randomized trials have validated the excellent outcomes achieved by HoLEP in the management of BOO from BPH. Its success has been reproduced in a diverse array of patients including those on anticoagulation, with detrusor underactivity/acontractility, prostate cancer, and in the retreatment setting. HoLEP can be applied to the majority of patients with BOO from BPH regardless of prostate size, previous operations, or the condition of the detrusor. HoLEP can also be carefully considered in patients requiring anticoagulation or who are undergoing active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer. Immediate complication rate is low and incontinence is rare. Retrograde ejaculation occurs in approximately 75% patients. Furthermore, the retreatment rate for HoLEP is lower than reported for other endoscopic BPH procedures demonstrating its durability.

Current urology reports. 2017 Oct 19*** epublish ***

Joseph M Kuebker, Nicole L Miller

Department of Urologic Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, A1302 MCN, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA. ., Department of Urologic Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, A1302 MCN, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.

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