To evaluate the results of GreenLight XPS photovaporization (PVP/XPS) with intraoperative transrectal ultrasonographic monitoring for the treatment of large Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) (>80mL).
Operative and perioperative data of 82 patients were collected prospectively. Complications and functional outcomes (IPSS, quality of life (QoL) score, maximal flow rate and post-void residual (PVR)) were evaluated at 1, 3, 12 months post-operatively prostate volume and PSA were assessed at 3 and 12 months post-operatively.
Median patient age was 68.5years (50-85). Twenty percent had an indwelling catheter and 5%/22% were on anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy. Median prostate volume and PSA were 103mL (80-220) and 6.4ng/mL (0.66-44.0). Median operative time and energy delivered were 107min (46-219) and 581kJ (212-1193). Energy delivered/prostate volume was 5.4kJ/mL (1.6-10.5). Transurethral catheter was removed at day 1 or 2 in 96% of cases. Patients were discharged as outpatient, p.o. day 1 or day 2 in 4%, 55% and 21% of cases, respectively. Transfusion and Clavien≥3 complication rates were 1.2% and 3.7%. Significant improvement of IPSS (4 vs 19.5), QoL (1 vs 5), maximum flow rate (19.1 vs 8.2mL/s) and PVR (26 vs 100mL) was observed (P<0.001) at 12-months evaluation. PSA and prostate volume were decreased by 61 and 62%. Late complications were urethral strictures (6%), stress incontinence (1.2%). Eighty-five percent of patients had no antegrade ejaculation.
The treatment of large BPH with PVP/XPS is safe and effective, with a long operative time. The functional outcomes are good and stable at mid-term evaluation.
Progres en urologie : journal de l'Association francaise d'urologie et de la Societe francaise d'urologie. 2017 May 05 [Epub]
M Thoulouzan, M-A Perrouin-Verbe, J Calves, C Deruelle, V Joulin, A Valeri, G Fournier
Service de chirurgie urologique et de transplantation rénale, hôpital de la Cavale-Blanche, centre hospitalier régional universitaire de Brest, 29200 Brest, France. Electronic address: ., Service de chirurgie urologique et de transplantation rénale, hôpital de la Cavale-Blanche, centre hospitalier régional universitaire de Brest, 29200 Brest, France.