The authors identified 334 patients with urothelial bladder cancer who were pT0, pTis, pTa, or pT1 and N0 at cystectomy from 2004-2015: 111 with cT2 who received NAC (NAC-responsive), 37 with cT2 who did not receive NAC (non-NAC-responsive), and 186 with high-grade cTis, cTa, or cT1 (high-risk NMIBC).
Compared to NAC-responsive and non-NAC-responsive patients, high-risk NMIBC patients had higher prevalence of intravesical therapy (70.4% vs. 14.1% and 13.5%, p<0.01), pure urothelial histology (92.5% vs. 80.2% and 64.9%, p<0.01), tumor ≥2 cm (19.9% vs. 6.6% and 10.8%, p<0.01), and lower prevalence of pT0 pathology (11.8% vs. 41.3% and 46%, p<0.01). Location of recurrence did not differ significantly between the groups, and 23.5% of recurrences in high-risk NMIBC patients occurred outside of the pelvis. Results demonstrated improved recurrence-free and overall survival in NAC-responsive vs. high-risk NMIBC patients (p<0.02 and p<0.02) but not in non-NAC-responsive vs. high-risk NMIBC patients (p=0.34 and p=0.43). In Cox regression, tumor ≥2 cm was independently associated with increased risk of cancer recurrence (HR=2.31, p=0.02) and overall mortality (HR=2.10, p=0.02)
In summary, patients with NAC-responsive MIBC had better post-surgical outcomes than patients with high-risk NMIBC. High-risk NMIBC patients had a higher prevalence of tumor ≥2 cm, which was an independent predictor of cancer recurrence. Despite being node negative, almost 25% of recurrences in patients with high-risk NMIBC occurred distantly. Future studies should be performed to identify whether patients with unresectable or high volume NMIBC could benefit from NAC.
Presented By: Aaron Brant, Baltimore, MD
Written By: Hanan Goldberg, MD, Urologic Oncology Fellow (SUO), University of Toronto, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre
at the 2017 AUA Annual Meeting - May 12 - 16, 2017 – Boston, Massachusetts, USA