[Surgical urinary diversion in children from war and crisis areas-20-year experience report]

Because sick and injured children from war and crisis areas can often only be helped to a limited extent in their countries of origin, those children with the most complex diseases often receive medical treatment in Europe.

To evaluate the postoperative outcome of reconstructive interventions in children from war and crisis areas, an evaluation of the clinic's internal database between 1997 and 2017 was carried out. The operative indication, the surgical procedure, any revisions or conversions and the overall mortality were analyzed.

During the above-mentioned period a total of 44 (male: 32, female: 12) children aged 3-14 years from Afghanistan, Angola, Central Asia and the Caucasus were treated. Indications for the reconstructive procedures were bladder exstrophy (n = 23), neurogenic bladder dysfunction (n = 9), penile partial amputation (n = 1) and traumatic bladder dysfunction (n = 11). In 26 children, a conduit was created, 11 children received a sigma rectum pouch and 1 child an ileocecal pouch, while 5 other children received bladder augmentation and 1 child an oral mucosal urethroplasty. In total, 7 revisions or conversions due to ureteral implantation stenoses and recurrent acidosis had to be performed. Five children died in their home country due to acidosis, sepsis, end stage renal failure, accident and social exclusion.

In the long term 39 of the 44 (88.6%) children live socially integrated in their home country and are regularly monitored by local aid organizations. When choosing the reconstructive intervention, the local conditions must be considered.

Der Urologe. Ausg. A. 2018 Aug 16 [Epub ahead of print]

J Kranz, M Dück, C Steffens, B Reisch, J Steffens

Klinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie, St.-Antonius-Hospital Eschweiler, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der RWTH Aachen, Dechant-Deckers-Straße 8, 52249, Eschweiler, Deutschland. ., Klinik fürAnästhesie und Operative Intensivmedizin, St.-Antonius-Hospital Eschweiler, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der RWTH Aachen, Eschweiler, Deutschland., Angewandte Psychologie, IB Hochschule Köln, Köln, Deutschland., Klinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie, St.-Antonius-Hospital Eschweiler, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der RWTH Aachen, Dechant-Deckers-Straße 8, 52249, Eschweiler, Deutschland.

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