We investigated the prognostic utility of pre-chemotherapy neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with metastatic germ cell tumors (GCTs) undergoing first-line chemotherapy. We utilized two institutional databases to analyze the pretreatment-derived NLR (dNLR). Predictive accuracy was evaluated using the Cox proportional hazard model adjusted for the international germ cell cancer collaborative group (IGCCCG) risk classification. Discriminatory accuracy was evaluated by determining the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). In total, 569 of 690 patients had available dNLR (IGCCCG: good, 64%; intermediate, 21%; poor, 16%). The 5-year and 10-year overall survivals (OSs) for good, intermediate, and poor risk groups were 96.2%, 92.8%, and 62.7% and 93.9%, 90.3%, and 62.7%, respectively. A dNLR of 2 provided the best discriminatory accuracy with an AUROC of 0.58 (95% CI: 0.52-0.65, p = 0.01) for progression-free survival (PFS), whereas for OS, a dNLR of 3 provided the best discriminatory accuracy with an AUROC of 0.62 (95% CI: 0.53-0.70, p < 0.01). A dNLR > 2 was associated with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.99 (95% CI: 1.27-3.12, p < 0.01) for PFS, which lost its effect after adjustment for IGCCCG (HR: 1.44, 95% CI: 0.90-2.30, p = 0.13). For OS, a dNLR >3 was associated with an HR of 3.00 (95% CI: 1.79-5.01, p < 0.01), but lost its effect after adjustment for IGCCCG. Systemic inflammation plays a role in metastatic GCT, but its prognostic utility beyond established algorithms is limited. The general prognostic value of NLR can be seen across a number of tumors, although the consistency and magnitude of the effect differ according to cancer type, disease stage, and treatment received. We identified that an elevated NLR was associated with an adverse PFS and OS, but not independent of the IGCCCG risk classification. dNLRs >2 and >3 were associated with an adverse PFS and OS, respectively, in patients with metastatic GCT receiving first-line chemotherapy, but not independent of the IGCCCG risk classification.
Current oncology (Toronto, Ont.). 2020 Dec 21*** epublish ***
Domen Ribnikar, Igor Stukalin, Philippe L Bedard, Robert J Hamilton, Michael Jewett, Padraig Warde, Peter Chung, Lynn Anson-Cartwright, Arnoud J Templeton, Eitan Amir, Aaron R Hansen, Daniel Y C Heng, Jeremy Lewin
Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON M5G 2C1, Canada., Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada., Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Department of Surgery, University Health Network, 610 University Ave 3-130, Toronto, ON M5G 2C1, Canada., Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON M5G 2C1, Canada., Department of Oncology, St. Claraspital Basel, and Faculty of Medicine, University of Basel, CH-4058 Basel, Switzerland.