Patient characteristics and overall survival in patients with post-docetaxel metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer in the community setting

It is unclear how treatment sequencing for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) affects real-world patient outcomes. We assessed treatment sequences, patient characteristics and overall survival (OS) in post-docetaxel mCRPC patients. mCRPC patients receiving second-line cabazitaxel or androgen receptor-targeted therapy (ART; abiraterone/enzalutamide) post-docetaxel were identified using electronic medical records. OS was assessed from second-line therapy initiation using Cox regressions adjusting for: metastases; prostate-specific antigen (PSA); hemoglobin; alkaline phosphatase (ALP); albumin; second-line therapy initiation year. Following docetaxel (n = 629), 123 (19.6%) and 506 (80.4%) patients received cabazitaxel and ART, respectively. One hundred and ninety-five patients received additional treatments thereafter (54 following cabazitaxel; 141 following ART). Although patients receiving second-line cabazitaxel versus ART had similar disease characteristics at first-line therapy initiation, at second-line therapy initiation they had higher mean PSA (386.6 vs. 233.9 ng/mL) and ALP (182.0 vs. 167.3 u/L), lower mean hemoglobin (10.8 vs. 11.5 g/dL), and more frequently had intermediate/high-risk Halabi scores (61.8 vs. 48.4%); all p < 0.05. Overall, crude survival was not significantly different. Among Halabi high-risk patients, adjusted median OS was significantly longer in patients receiving cabazitaxel versus ART (HR 0.48; 95% CI 0.24-0.93; p = 0.030). Low albumin and hemoglobin led to similar findings (HR 0.43; 95% CI 0.23-0.80; p = 0.0077; HR 0.60; 95% CI 0.40-0.90; p = 0.014). Most post-docetaxel patients received second-line ART. Patients receiving second-line cabazitaxel had more high-risk features; however, second-line cabazitaxel administered after docetaxel may improve OS in patients with Halabi high-risk scores or low albumin/hemoglobin.

Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England). 2017 Aug 10*** epublish ***

William K Oh, Raymond Miao, Francis Vekeman, Jennifer Sung, Wendy Y Cheng, Marjolaine Gauthier-Loiselle, Ravinder Dhawan, Mei Sheng Duh

Division of Hematology/Medical Oncology, The Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA. ., Sanofi US, Bridgewater, NJ, USA., Groupe d'analyse, Ltée, Montréal, QC, Canada., Analysis Group, Inc., Boston, MA, USA.