Clinical characteristics and quality-of-life in patients surviving a decade of prostate cancer with bone metastases - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics and quality-of-life (QOL) and to define factors associated with long-term survival in a subgroup of prostate cancer patients with M1b disease.

METHODS AND PATIENTS: The study was based on 915 patients from a prospective randomised multicentre trial (no.5) by the Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Group, comparing parenteral oestrogen with total androgen blockade (TAB). Long-term survival was defined as patients having an overall survival >10 year, and logistic regression models were constructed to identity clinical predictors of survival. QOL during follow-up was assessed using EROTC-30 ratings.

RESULTS: Forty (4.4%) of the 915 men survived longer than 10 years. Factors significantly associated with increased likelihood of surviving more than ten years in the univariate analyses were: absence of cancer-related pain; performance status < 2; negligible analgesic consumption; T-category 1-2; PSA < 231 μg/L; and a Soloway score 1. In the multivariate analyses, performance status < 2, PSA < 231 μg/L, and Soloway score 1, were all independent predictors of long-term survival. All subscales of EORTC-C30 were higher in this group than for patients with short survival, but slowly declined over the decade.

CONCLUSION: A subgroup of prostate cancer patients with M1b disease and certain characteristics showed a positive long-term response to ADT with an acceptable QOL over a decade or more. Independent predictors of long-term survival were identified as performance status < 2, limited extent of bone metastases (Soloway score 1), and a PSA level < 231 μg/L at the time of enrolment.

Written by:
Klaff R, Berglund A, Varenhorst E, Hedlund PO, Jǿnler M, Sandblom G.   Are you the author?
Department of Urology and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Eksätravägen 72, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Urology, Karolinska Institute Solna, Sweden; Department of Urology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark; Department of Clinical Sciences, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Hospital Huddinge, Sweden.


Reference: BJU Int. 2015 Jun 1. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1111/bju.13190

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 26033416 Bone Metastases Section

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