Department of Urology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China. Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
Controversial data on sarcosine as a promising biomarker for prostate cancer (PCa) detection are present. The objective was to clarify these discrepancies and reevaluate the potential value of sarcosine in PCa. Sarcosine algorithms (supernatant and sediment sarcosine/creatinine, supernatant and sediment log2 (sarcosine/alanine)) in urine samples from 71 untreated patients with PCa, 39 patients with no evidence of malignancy (NEM) and 20 healthy women and men were quantified by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Although any sarcosine algorithms were significantly higher in PCa patients than in NEM patients (all P< 0.05), comparable sarcosine values were measured in healthy women and men. Additionally, neither biopsy Gleason score nor clinical T-stage were correlated with sarcosine algorithms (all P>0.05), and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that the diagnostic power of any of sarcosine algorithms was nonsignificantly higher than that of serum and urine PSA, but nonsignificantly lower than prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3) and the percent-free PSA (%fPSA). Improved diagnostic performances were observed when any of sarcosine algorithms was combined with PCA3 or %fPSA. In conclusion, the predictive power of sarcosine in PCa is modest compared with PCA3 and %fPSA. Sarcosine, which awaits more validation before it reaches the clinic, could be included into the list of candidate PCa biomarkers.
Cao DL, Ye DW, Zhu Y, Zhang HL, Wang YX, Yao XD. Are you the author?
Reference: Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2011 Feb 15. Epub ahead of print.